Xoloitzcuintli (Mexican Hairless) Breed Guide

Breed Group:
Companion Dogs

Middle Age: 7 years

Geriatric Age: 14 years

Life Span: 14 to 20 years

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Xoloitzcuintli Background Info & History

The Xoloitzcuintli is a pure, natural breed that comes from an ancient past. Many historians believe the Xolo was brought over from Asia to the New World by early explorers. The word Xoloitzcuintli was given by the Aztecs, which means the god of the father. These dogs were hugely popular during this time because many ancient Aztecs believed these dogs were blessed with healing powers and could even ward off evil spirits.

Although this was never proven, they were eventually brought over to America where they became known as the Mexican Hairless. Since their introduction back in 1887, the Xolo has fluctuated significantly in popularity, but remain a prized position in their native land of Mexico.

Xoloitzcuintli Temperament & Personality

Xolos bond very close to one individual but can work very well in a family setting as well. Generally speaking, Xolos tend to be wary of strangers and will need a proper introduction to feel comfortable with unfamiliar people. This personality trait makes them excellent watchdogs for the ones they’re close with.

These dogs will always prefer to be with their owners so try to bring them along whenever possible. Their sensitive nature means they are at risk of developing canine separation anxiety or depression if left alone for too long.

Xoloitzcuintli Training Tips

Xolos are known to be very intelligent, which makes canine training efforts a piece of cake. They also love to please their owners and will do whatever it takes to make them happy. With that being said, it’s critical that the training process starts while they are still a puppy so they learn proper behavior from a young age.

Also, keep in mind that Xolos respond best to positive reinforcement and incentives throughout the training lessons. Lastly, make sure to socialize your Xolo from a young age. Expose him to different people, places, sounds, and experience so he learns the necessary skills he needs to become a well-mannered companion.

Xoloitzcuintli Exercise Requirements

The Xolo needs a moderate amount of exercise to stay both happy and healthy. A quick romp around the block or a little play time in the yard will fulfill their daily exercise needs just fine. At the end of the day, the Xolo would rather be spending their time cuddled up on the couch right next to their owner or loved ones.

Xoloitzcuintli Lifespan

The Xolo has an average lifespan of 12 to 15 years.

Xoloitzcuintli Breed Popularity

The Xolo has fluctuated in popularity since their introduction to the United States back in 1887. Today, these dogs are ranked as the 139th most popular breed out of 202 registered breeds by the American Kennel Club.

Xoloitzcuintli Feeding Needs

Your Xolo should consume between ⅝ and 1 ¾ cups of food a day, split into two equal meals. This amount may vary depending on the dog’s size, age, activity level, and metabolism. It is also critical to keep a bowl of fresh water available at all times to prevent dehydration. For a more specific feeding plan, contact your local veterinarian.

Xoloitzcuintli Grooming

Although you may think the Xolo has no grooming requirements since they are hairless, that is surprisingly not the case. While brushing is not of a concern, frequent baths should be given with a gentle shampoo to keep their skin nice and clean. It is also important to brush their teeth on a weekly basis to prevent tartar and bacteria from building up. Lastly, it is also important to check their ears, eyes, and nose for any sign of redness, irritation, or infection.

Are Xoloitzcuintlis Good With Kids?

The Xolo is known to be an excellent addition to a family, especially when children are involved. As long as they have been raised with them from a young age, you should have no problems having a child and Xolo under the same roof. Just like with any breed, make sure a parent is always around to supervise any interactions between a dog and child.

Xoloitzcuintli Health Problems

Xolos are a fairly healthy breed, however, they are still prone to several health complications. These health problems may include:

Patellar Luxation: Patellar Luxation in dogs occurs when the kneecap becomes dislocated from its normal positioning. When this happens, a dog may experience pain, lameness, or even arthritis. Patellar Luxation can be cured with corrective surgery in severe cases.  

Skin Sensitivity: Since the Xolo does not have any hair, it’s important to use sunscreen for sensitive skin whenever they leave the home.