Siamese Breed Guide
Middle Age: 8 years
Life Span: 15 to 20 years
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Known for their striking blue eyes, color points, and personalities, Siamese cats are a smart, sweet addition to any family. But before you decide to add a Siamese cat to your household, you should first understand some of the most important things about this breed.
The History of Siamese Cats
Siamese cats are some of the oldest domesticated cats, dating back to Thailand, their country of origin. Siamese cats got their name because modern-day Thailand was once called Siam. These beauties were instantly regarded as royalty because of their striking appearance. In fact, only royal members were permitted to own one, dubbing them “The Royal Cats of Siam.” Records differ of when Siamese cats came over to the western world, but today all major cat fancier associations recognize this breed.
Siamese Cat Size and Appearance
Siamese cats are generally medium-sized, with males ranging from 8-12 pounds and females topping the scales at 8 pounds. They are most notably characterized by their beautiful blue eyes, which are sometimes cross-eyed, a genetic tendency of the breed. Siamese cats are also known for their long, kinked tails which they often wrap around lamps, tables, or their owners’ legs. This breed also has long, straight noses and long bodies.
There are two distinct types of Siamese cats that breeders and showers recognize. The first is the more traditional Siamese that has a wedge-shaped, triangular head and a long, skinny body. This type of Siamese cat is the one that dates back to modern day Thailand. The second type of Siamese cat has come about more recently and is often called Appleheads because their head is rounder, their body is stockier, and they usually have longer hair. These cats may have been the result of cross breeding between Siamese cats and Himalayans or Persian cats.
Siamese kitties generally have short, smooth coats and come in a variety of colors. They are most known for their pointed pattern, though, which means that their nose, ears, tail, and paws are a darker color than their body. They can be chocolate, seal, lilac, blue, or red pointed.
Siamese Cat Personality & Temperament
Like the royalty they originated from, Siamese cats are dignified, caring, and very intelligent. They are known for their ability to learn tricks, and they like to put their long, athletic bodies to use. Siamese cats can often be found jumping on counters, cat trees, or on the beds. Siamese cats are a great companion to cat parents who want a loyal, friendly pal.
They do require more attention and don’t like to be left alone for long periods of time and can develop separation anxiety. If you do have a Siamese cat and work during the day, you might want to consider getting your cat another kitty friend. These cats are social and love to love. They are also talkative and are known to share their opinion with anyone who will listen. Siamese cats are great for owners who want a social butterfly.
Siamese Cat Health Issues
Because Siamese cats have wedge-shaped heads, they are more prone to respiratory and dental problems. They are also widely known for their genetic eye problems, including progressive retinal atrophy and glaucoma. Below are some common health issues Siamese cats are prone to.
- Respiratory Problems – Common respiratory problems such as upper respiratory infections and feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR) present themselves in young Siamese kittens and can be treated quickly. By keeping your kitty up to date on vet appointments and vaccines, you can help prevent this condition.
- Eye Problems – About a third of Siamese cats have a mutated gene associated with progressive retinal atrophy. Luckily, your cat likely won’t display symptoms if they only have the one gene, but if two carriers have kittens, they have a higher chance. Other Siamese cat eye problems include feline glaucoma or Siamese Nystagmus. The latter condition is often perceived as normal and does not present health risks.
- Kidney Stones – Kidney stones, or nephrolithiasis, are more common in breeds such as Siamese, Persian, and domestic long-haired kitties.
Siamese cats are actually one of the genetically healthier purebreds and can live for up to fifteen years. The above conditions may be more common in Siamese cats, but can be found in other cats, as well. With proper check ups and vaccines you can help keep your Siamese cats healthy.
Siamese Cat Grooming
One of the reasons why people have loved Siamese cats for centuries is their lack of grooming. Siamese cat owners get the best of both worlds – a beautiful coat that is shiny and silky, yet without the long hair on other purebreds like Persians or Maine Coons.
With that being said, though, your Siamese buddy will benefit from regular maintenance grooming. Regular petting and finger brushing will help dislodge dead hair and encourage new growth. Your cat will also always need ear cleanings and nail trims. The Siamese cat might be a great fit for those that are allergic to the longer-haired cat breeds.
Are Siamese Cats Good With Kids?
Siamese cats are extremely intelligent, playful, and great for the whole family. If your children know how to play gently with these furry friends, they will provide endless hours of fun and companionship. They are social cats and benefit from a playmate throughout the day.
If you want to get a Siamese cat, make sure to consider their level of stimulation when you’re away as they do not like being left alone. You might want to consider getting another cat or a dog as a companion for your cat. Siamese cats love to love their owners and you will get what you give with this enjoyable breed.
Siamese Cat Exercise Requirements
Siamese cats are very playful and enjoy company, games, and exercise. Before investing in a Siamese cat, make sure you have adequate play space, such as a cat tower or other places for your kitty to jump and run. Because of their athletic body type,
Siamese cats love to leap high and run far. They also love playing fetch like a puppy. Siamese cats are quite social and enjoy other cats, dogs, and even kids. Siamese cats make a great companion for an owner that doesn’t have time for grooming, but has lots of time for play. This breed is smart, athletic, loving and perfect for all ages.
Health Issues Associated with this Breed:
- Cat Glaucoma
- Eye Diseases
- Kidney Stones